Ecological and Eco-hydrological Solutions for Sustainable Management in Indonesia and Asia Pacific Region

Project Durations and Locations

The Duration of this Project is : 21 January 2014 – 30 April 2017
with the Locations is at Indonesia and Asia Pacific Region

Project Description

In their early stage of growth, most of the developing countries in the Asia Pacific region focused on encouraging economic development, whereas the environment in general, and ecosystem sustainability in particular, were not considered development priorities. The ecohydrology approach involves ecological engineering-based tools that integrate basin wide human activities, improving and restoring ecological functions and services in river basins as a basis to support positive socioeconomic development.

With generous support from the Government of Indonesia (GoI) through Indonesia Fund-in-Trust (IFIT), this project aimed to strengthen scientific research in ecohydrology to attain water security within Indonesia and build regional capacity of leading ecohydrology centres in the region. It was implemented through three core components:

  1. Promote scientific research in ecohydrology
  2. Building capacities in ecohydrology
  3. Developing ecohydrology tools in Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM)

Project Objectives

The main objective of this project is to contribute with scientific knowledge, capacity‐building, educational and  dissemination activities to support, design and implement ecohydrology strategies and policies for sustainable water resources management.

Project Timelines

  • 21 January 2014: Project Starting date.
  • 10 to 12 November 2014:
    International Conference on Ecohydrology (ICE 2014) “Ecohydrology approaches facing the global water environment challenges” in conjunction with the ‘1st APCE Governing Board Meeting and Asia Pacific Category II Water Centre Meeting”.
  • 10 March 2015:
    National strategic meeting with international experts “Sustainable Water Management Study in Medan City“
  • 01 April 2015:
    Demosite/Pilot Project Establishment: Study on Ecohydrology demonstration site establishment in Saguling reservoir, Citarum river basin

    • Main Achievements and Key Outputs:
      The results of the first phase (June 2015 – May 2016) showed a high potential application of ecohydrology and phytotechnology measures in the Saguling Region, attracting the interest of local communities and authorities.
      Policy document and recommendation in implementing ecohydrology and phytotechnology application in Saguling Reservoir region and Citarum River Basin.
      Concepts and Detail Engineering Designs (DEDs) for environmental sanitation improvement and controlling soil erosion rate in demonstration site location as an alternative design of the sewerage system.
  • 01 April 2015:
    Demosite/Pilot Project Establishment: Study on the implementation of ecohydrology approach and avoided deforestation in peatland rewetting and conservation in Ex-Mega Rice Project location.

    • Main Achievements and Key Outputs:
      Scientific findings on components of peatland management, notably on peatland ecohydrology dynamic aspect.
      Policy document produced by this study elaborating on the concept and model in implementing ecohydrology in peatland.
  • 21 October 2015:
    International symposium Integrated Actions for Global Water and Environmental Sustainability In line with the Commemoration of the 70th Anniversary of UNESCO
  • 26 February 2016: Demosite/Pilot Project Establishment: Comprehensive study on improving water services towards water security in Medan
    • Main Achievements and Key Outputs:
      Based on population estimates conducted, the demands for drinking water in Medan for 2019, 2024, 2029 and 2034 have been projected.
      Identification of the potential main sources for the future expansion of water sources for Medan. The identification of these main sources, the Bingei River and Ular River, was supported by scientific findings on water quality, quantity and a cost benefit analysis.
      A policy document and recommendations on the future expansion of clean water supply in Medan, including recommendations on an effective approach in the expansion of current potential water sources in Sibolangit spring water.
  • 23 March 2016:
    Demosite/Pilot Project Establishment: Comprehensive study on sustainable water management in Yogyakarta and Borobudur Temple the surrounding areas

    • Main Achievements and Key Outputs:
      According to the Groundwater Sustainable Infrastructure Index (GSII) assessment overall condition in Yogyakarta can be rated as ‘acceptable to good’. The problems identified largely related to the rate of increasing groundwater extraction activities because of the increasing development of permanent structures.
      The GSII assessment rated Borobudur area as ‘acceptable’. The key problem identified was associated with the water supply, notably during dry season. High water demand for maintenance causes the pressure to increase water supply.
      Selaras Principle is proposed for sustainable groundwater management in both area. ‘Selaras’ in Bahasa Indonesia translates into English as ‘harmony’, meaning this concept expects that the harmony between society and environment can be maintained. With this principle the main target of groundwater exploitation is to fulfil the needs for water supply, distribution and access for both quantity and quality of the water resources to society.
  • 14-15 April 2016:
    National strategic meeting: “Water Security and SDGs in Indonesia”