Building a Resilient Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra for Climate Change Mitigation and Biodiversity Conservation

Project Duration and Location

This project duration is 40 months and Located in locations as follows :

  • Gunung Leuser National Park
  • Kerinci Seblat National Park
  • Bukit Barisan Selatan National Park

Project Description

The Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (TRHS) was designated as a World Heritage site in 2004, and consists of three major National Parks (NPs) in Sumatra: Gunung Leuser, Kerinci Seblat, and Bukit Barisan Selatan. Under the World Heritage Committee’s Decision 35 COM 7B.16, TRHS was inscribed on the list of World Heritage in Danger in 2011, mainly due to the continuous threat of road development plans and encroachment within the area.

The threats represent both a potential and ascertained danger to its Outstanding Universal Value in line with paragraph 180 of the Operational Guidelines of the World Heritage Convention. There is a growing awareness that road development in the conservation area has major environmental impacts, such as damage to the ecosystems, resettlement opportunity for people, key-species habitat fragmentation, and demographic change. Roads crossing the property will facilitate and increase the access of encroachers and the frequency of illegal activities.

Project Photos

As stated under Decision 34COM 7B.14, the World Heritage Committee requested the Government of Indonesia to immediately halt all road construction plans within Kerinci Seblat National Park (KSNP), and to take the necessary steps to ensure that no roads shall be built through the parks comprising the World Heritage site, as well as to close all existing
illegal roads, and develop appropriate regulations and infrastructure on existing legal public roads to reduce the negative impacts of traffic on wildlife and to ensure ecological connectivity.

Under the decision 35 COM 7B.16, the World Heritage Committee further requested the Government of Indonesia to conduct a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) of the cumulative adverse effects of all road development plans in the Bukit Barisan mountain range area, as part of the TRHS, in order to identify transport options for the region that do not adversely impact the property’s Outstanding Universal Value, including improved maintenance of existing legal roads.

Project Objectives

The overall goal of this project is to enhance the integrity of the Tropical Rainforest Heritage of Sumatra (TRHS) and protect it from further threats by identifying transportation options for the area through a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA). Through this project, UNESCO is supporting and facilitate the Government of Indonesia in conducting the SEA. The SEA aims to identify opportunities to improve and maintain the existing legal roads, and propose transport alternatives that will not negatively impact the integrity nor the OUV of TRHS.

Project Results

The SEA aims to identify opportunities to improve and maintain the existing legal roads, and propose transport alternatives that will not negatively impact the integrity nor the OUV of TRHS.

Project Timelines and Activities